EN BANC

 

 

Office of the Court

 

A. M. No. P-04-1921

ADMINISTRATOR,

 

 

Complainant,

 

Members:

 

 

 

 

 

DAVIDE, JR., C.J.

 

 

PUNO,

 

 

PANGANIBAN,

 

 

QUISUMBING,

- versus -

 

YNARES-SANTIAGO,

 

 

SANDOVAL-GUTIERREZ,

 

 

CARPIO,

 

 

AUSTRIA-MARTINEZ,

 

 

CORONA,

 

 

CARPIO-MORALES,

Fely C. Carriedo,

 

CALLEJO, SR.,

Branch Clerk of Court, RTC,

 

AZCUNA,

Br. 24, Ipil, Zamboanga del Sur,

 

TINGA,

Respondent.

 

CHICO-NAZARIO, and

 

 

GARCIA, JJ.

 

 

 

 

 

Promulgated:

 

 

 

 

 

October 20, 2005

x - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - x

 

 

 

r e s o l u t I o n

 

 

 

AUSTRIA-MARTINEZ, J.:

 

 

In a Resolution dated November 10, 2004, the Court dismissed for insufficiency of evidence the administrative complaint for Grave Misconduct against respondent Virgilio Caete.[1] Respondent Caete was charged for the loss of a Colt Commander 9 mm., which was then in the custody of the First Municipal Circuit Trial Court of Ipil, Zamboanga del Sur. The Court, however, ordered Branch Clerk of Court Fely C. Carriedo to show cause why she should not be disciplinarily dealt with for such loss. The dispositive portion of the Resolution reads:

 

WHEREFORE, the administrative complaint against respondent Virgilio Caete is DISMISSED for insufficiency of evidence.

 

Branch Clerk of Court Fely C. Carriedo of the First Municipal [Circuit] Trial Court of Ipil, Zamboanga del Sur, is hereby ORDERED to show cause within ten (10) days from notice hereof why she should not be disciplinarily dealt with for the loss of the Colt Commander 9 mm. Let this particular matter be docketed as another administrative matter and assigned to a justice of the Court by raffle.

 

SO ORDERED.

 

 

In her Comment, respondent Carriedo maintains that she was not remiss in her duties as official custodian of court properties. According to her, she was constrained to keep the court records, exhibits, office supplies, and other properties in a wooden cabinet because of limited resources. Carriedo explained that access to the cabinet was limited to accountable court personnel, and the subject firearm was not recklessly exposed to thievery, damage to third persons, or to others who have nothing to do with the contents of the cabinet. She also surmised that while the Court exonerated Caete from the administrative charges, it is still possible that an insider took the firearm. As basis, Carriedo attached a letter she received from a certain Myrna Buenviaje who, in turn, attached a note allegedly made by Caete showing that the latter was indeed in possession of the missing Colt Commander 9 mm.[2]

 

In compliance with the Courts Resolution dated June 7, 2005, respondent filed her Manifestation that she is willing to submit the case for decision on the basis of the pleadings filed.

 

In a Memorandum issued by the Office of the Court Administrator (OCA), it is recommended that Carriedo be reprimanded for the loss of a court exhibit. The OCA reasoned:

 

In the instant case, respondent explained that she exercised due diligence in the safekeeping of court properties and exhibits in light of the limited resources available to the court. In this context, the undersigned understands the predicament of respondent, as it is a fact that many courts in the Philippines are saddled by logistic problems. In the case of RE: Liberato C. Cortes. 242 SCRA 167, the Supreme Court declared that lack of stenographer and a courtroom, inadequacy of reference materials and small office may only serve to mitigate not completely absolve respondent from any liability.

 

Given the limitations in the courts facility, it is incumbent upon respondent as the administrative head thereof and as the officer accountable to the courts properties to devise a more secure method to safeguard court records, properties and exhibits. In the first place, she should not have allowed respondent Caete access to the cabinet on Saturdays when she was not in court especially that it contains important court exhibits. Worthy of note is her admission that there were times when respondent Caete would request that she leave the door of the cabinet open on Friday so that he will have access thereto on Saturday when he transcribes some of the notes he had taken (Annex 1, page 2).

 

Respondent was previously suspended for infidelity in the Custody of court Exhibits after Judge Marcelo Rabosa was able to have a .45 pistol, a court exhibit, registered in his name. Such incident should have been a lesson to her and should have compelled her to impose a stricter measure to safeguard the exhibits submitted to the court.

 

Finally, in her comment, herein respondent continues to attribute to respondent Caete the loss of the subject firearm but the fact is, respondent Caete was already acquitted in the criminal case and the administrative case against him was likewise dismissed.[3] (Emphasis supplied)

 

The Court adopts the findings of the OCA, although the Court finds the recommended penalty to be too light considering that this is not the first time that Carriedo has been administratively charged and disciplinarily dealt with by the Court for her negligence in the safekeeping of court exhibits.

 

Carriedos accountability for the loss of the Colt Commander 9 mm. is not without basis. Rule 136, Section 7 of the Rules of Court provides:

 

SEC. 7. Safekeeping of property. The clerk shall safely keep all records, papers, files, exhibits and public property committed to his charge, including the library of the court, and the seals and furniture belonging to his office.

 

In addition, Section D (1.3), paragraph 1.3.2.3, Chapter VII of the 2002 Revised Manual for Clerks of Court, provides that one of the non-adjudicative function of a first level court Branch Clerk of Court is the control and management of all court records, exhibits, documents, properties and supplies.

 

As court custodian, it is Carriedos responsibility to ensure that records are safely kept and the same are readily available upon the request of the parties or order of the court. She must be diligent and vigilant in performing her official duties and in supervising and managing court dockets and records. This custodial duty necessarily extends to evidence submitted by the parties and marked as exhibits.[4] As the Court stressed in Caete vs. Rabosa,[5] which also involved a loss of firearm under the custody of Carriedo:

 

We take this opportunity to remind all Clerks of Court to be more vigilant in the custody and safekeeping of court exhibits, particularly firearms and other weapons, as well as dangerous and prohibited drugs. The Court has been receiving reports that these are now the favorite objects of thievery and robbery all over the country, resulting in the failure of the prosecutors to successfully bring the criminals to justice. Worse, the perpetrators go scot-free only to pursue further their nefarious activities with the use of these exhibits.[6] (Emphasis supplied)

 

 

Respondent was suspended from office for a period of one month.

 

Considering that the present case is the second time that respondent is found guilty of negligence in the safekeeping of evidence, she would have merited the penalty of dismissal but because of the mitigating circumstance adverted to by the OCA, the Court deems it fit to impose on her the penalty of suspension for two (2) months.

 

WHEREFORE, respondent Branch Clerk of Court Fely C. Carriedo of the First Municipal Trial Court of Ipil, Zamboanga del Sur, is found administratively liable for the loss of the Colt Commander 9 mm.. Respondent is suspended for a period of two (2) months without pay effective immediately upon service of herein Resolution with a stern warning that a repetition of the same or similar act in the future will be dealt with more severely.

 

SO ORDERED.

 

 

MA. ALICIA AUSTRIA-MARTINEZ

Associate Justice

 

 

WE CONCUR:

 

 

 

HILARIO G. DAVIDE, JR.

Chief Justice

 

 

 

 

REYNATO S. PUNO

Associate Justice

ARTEMIO V. PANGANIBAN

Associate Justice

 

 

 

 

LEONARDO A. QUISUMBING

Associate Justice

CONSUELO YNARES-SANTIAGO Associate Justice

 

 

 

 

ANGELINA SANDOVAL-GUTIERREZ

Associate Justice

ANTONIO T. CARPIO

Associate Justice

 

 

 

 

RENATO C. CORONA

Associate Justice

CONCHITA CARPIO-MORALES Associate Justice

 

 

 

 

ROMEO J. CALLEJO, SR.

Associate Justice

ADOLFO S. AZCUNA

Associate Justice

 

 

 

(On Leave)

DANTE O. TINGA

Associate Justice

MINITA V. CHICO-NAZARIO

Associate Justice

 

 

 

 

CANCIO C. GARCIA

Associate Justice

 

 

 

 

 



[1] A.M. No. P-91-621.

[2] Rollo, Annexes 13 and 13-A.

[3] Memorandum, pp. 3-4.

[4] Bongalos vs. Monungolh, A.M. No. P-01-1502, September 4, 2001, 364 SCRA 311, 314-315.

[5] A.M. No. MTJ-96-1111, September 5, 1997; 278 SCRA 478.

[6] Id., p. 482.