DIAMOND DRILLING CORPORATION OF THE PHILIPPINES,
- versus -
NEWMONT PHILIPPINES INCORPORATED,
G.R. No. 183576
CARPIO, J., Chairperson,
May 30, 2011
x- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - x
On 20 December 1994, respondent Newmont Philippines Incorporated (Newmont) (now known as the Cordillera Exploration Company Incorporated) filed eight applications4 for Financial or Technical Assistance (FTAA) with the Central Office Technical Secretariat of the Mines and Geosciences Bureau (MGB) in Quezon City pursuant to Executive Order No. 2795 (EO 279) and Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) Administrative Order No. 636 (DAO 63), series of 1991. Newmont wanted to explore and develop large gold deposits in the Central Cordillera, particularly the areas situated in Abra, Benguet, Cagayan, Ilocos Sur, Ilocos Norte, Ifugao, Kalinga-Apayao, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya and Pangasinan, comprising a maximum contract area7 of 100,000 hectares8 of land for each application.
On the same date, Newmont paid the corresponding filing and processing fees.9 MGB registered Newmonts FTAA applications on the same day of filing. Thereafter, Newmont furnished through fax transmission the MGB Regional Office in the Cordillera Administrative Region (MGB-CAR) with its letter-application, sketch map and coordinates defining the area of its FTAA applications.10 The MGB-CAR received the fax machine copies of the letter and other pertinent documents on 21 December 1994.
Petitioner Diamond Drilling Corporation of the Philippines (Diamond Drilling) likewise filed on 20 December 1994 an application for Mineral Production Sharing Agreement (MPSA), covering 4,860 hectares of land in the areas situated in Benguet and Mountain Province, with the MGB-CAR pursuant to EO 279, as implemented by DENR Administrative Order No. 57.11
Pending verification by the Survey Section of the MGB-CAR on the availability of the area applied for, the Mining Recorder of the MGB-CAR advised Diamond Drilling to first register its Articles of Incorporation, By-Laws and Secretarys Certificate with the Securities and Exchange Commission.12 On 22 December 1994, Diamond Drilling complied with the requirements. Since the area as checked by the MGB-CAR in its records was open for mining location, Diamond Drilling paid for the filing and processing fees on the same date.13 The MGB-CAR then registered Diamond Drillings MPSA application.14
Upon verification, however, the MGB-CAR found that Diamond Drillings MPSA application was in conflict with a portion of one of Newmonts FTAA applications.15
Meanwhile, on 14 April 1995, Republic Act No. 794216 (RA 7942) or the Philippine Mining Act of 1995 took effect.
In a letter dated 4 October 1995, Newmont wrote the MGB requesting for an opinion on the applicability of Section 8 of DAO 63, particularly the provision which requires an FTAA applicant to furnish the MGB Regional Office with a copy of the FTAA application within 72 hours from filing.
In a letter-opinion17 dated 25 October 1995, the Director of MGB-CAR replied:
In reply therewith, please be advised as follows:
1. FTAA proposals/applications filed and accepted by MGB are closed to subsequent mineral rights applications notwithstanding the the fact that the MGB has not furnished a copy thereof to concerned DENR Regional Office within 72 hours. We feel that the inclusion of said period is not a mandatory provision but merely intended to facilitate the processing of FTAA applications; and
2. While it appears that there is no obligation on the part of the FTAA applicant to furnish said copy to concerned DENR Regional Office, yet, we likewise feel that said applicant is not precluded from doing so for the same reason abovementioned, that is, to facilitate the processing of the FTAA application. x x x
However, in a letter-opinion18 dated 23 February 1996, the same Director of MGB-CAR reversed his earlier opinion stating:
x x x Upon thorough study, we believe that when the regulations at that time (DENR Administrative Order No. 63) requires that a copy of the FTAA proposal be furnished to the DENR Regional Office concerned within 72 hours from filing thereof, it is mandatory, notwithstanding our previous opinion on the matter, the purpose being is to notify the said regional office of the existence of said application and therefore they should no longer accept other applications that are in conflict therewith. We cannot blame the Regional Office concerned in accepting applications for MPSA and other applications because the FTAA proponent failed to furnish them a copy of its FTAA proposal within the prescribed hours. x x x
On 2 August 1996, Diamond Drilling filed a protest19 with the MGB-CAR. Diamond Drilling sought to annul the eight FTAA applications of Newmont and asked that it be granted preferential right over the areas covered by its MPSA application.
Meanwhile, due to the requirements of the new mining law,20 Newmont, in a letter21 dated 10 September 1996, gave notice to the MGB-CAR that it was relinquishing portions of the areas covered under its FTAA applications, reducing the total area applied for to 81,000 hectares pursuant to Section 257 (now Section 27222) of DENR Administrative Order No. 96-40 or the Revised Implementing Rules and Regulations of RA 7942.
In a Decision23 dated 22 October 1997, the Panel of Arbitrators of the MGB-CAR decided the case in favor of Diamond Drilling. The Panel stated that the filing of the MPSA application on 20 December 1994 up to the payment made on 22 December 1994 was an uninterrupted and continuing act. Since the filing is the preparatory act and the registration is the conclusive act, then an MPSA application is considered accepted and registered upon verification that the area is free and open for location. The dispositive portion of the decision states:
IN LIGHT OF THE FOREGOING PREMISES, THE PANEL WEIGHED BOTH ALLEGATIONS AND ARGUMENTS AND CONSIDERED THE EVIDENCE AND FOUND THE SAME STRONGLY IN FAVOR OF THE PROTESTANT, DDCP (Diamond Drilling). NPI (Newmont) is hereby ordered to limit its area to 81,000 has. per province and amend its technical description and plan to exclude the area of DDCP. MPSA No. 48 is hereby declared valid, granting to DDCP the preferential right over the area covered by its MPSA.
Newmont appealed the decision of the MGB-CAR to the Mines Adjudication Board (MAB).25 In a Decision26 dated 24 April 2000, the MAB reversed the decision of the MGB-CAR and ruled in Newmonts favor. The MAB found that fax machine copies sent to the MGB-CAR of Newmonts FTAA applications showing the essential information, specifically the dates of filing and registration as well as technical descriptions, are valid documents since the law is silent as to the mode of service. The MAB added that since Newmonts FTAA applications were properly filed and formally accepted two days earlier than the date of acceptance of Diamond Drillings MPSA application, the area covered by Newmonts FTAA applications should be considered closed to other mining applications. The dispositive portion states:
WHEREFORE, the foregoing premises considered, the appealed decision dated October 22, 1997 of the Panel of Arbitrators, DENR-CAR is hereby REVERSED and SET ASIDE and NPIs FTAA application is hereby SUSTAINED.
Hence, this petition.
The main issue is whether the CA committed a reversible error in affirming the decision of the MAB giving preferential right to Newmonts FTAA applications over Diamond Drillings MPSA application.
The Courts Ruling
The petition lacks merit.
Petitioner Diamond Drilling insists that the requirement of furnishing the MGB Regional Office a copy of the FTAA application within 72 hours is mandatory in character. Diamond Drilling adds that the transmission by Newmont of fax machine copies of its FTAA applications to the MGB Regional Office is not sufficient compliance with Section 8 of DAO 63. Thus, Diamond Drilling asserts that it has preferential rights over the area included in its MPSA application as against respondent Newmont.
Section 8 of DENR Administrative Order No. 63 states:
SEC. 8. Acceptance and Evaluation of FTAA. All FTAA proposals shall be filed with and accepted by the Central Office Technical Secretariat (MGB) after payment of the requisite fees to the Mines and Geosciences Bureau, copy furnished the Regional Office concerned within 72 hours. The Regional Office shall verify the area and declare the availability of the area for FTAA and shall submit its recommendations within thirty (30) days from receipt. In the event that there are two or more applicants over the same area, priority shall be given to the applicant who first filed his application. In any case, the Undersecretaries for Planning, Policy and Natural Resources Management; Legal Services, Legislative, Liaison and Management of FASPO; Field Operations and Environment and Research, or its equivalent, shall be given ten (10) days from receipt of FTAA proposal within which to submit their comments/recommendations and the Regional Office, in the preparation of its recommendation shall consider the financial and technical capabilities of the applicant, in addition to the proposed Government share. Within five (5) working days from receipt of said recommendations, the Technical Secretariat shall consolidate all comments and recommendations thus received and shall forward the same to the members of the FTAA Negotiating Panel for evaluation at least within thirty (30) working days. (Emphasis supplied)
It is clear from Section 8 of DAO 63 that the MGB Central Office processes all FTAA applications after payment of the requisite fees. Section 8 requires the FTAA applicant to furnish the MGB Regional Office a copy of the FTAA application within 72 hours from filing of the FTAA application. The Regional Office verifies the area that an applicant intends to utilize, and declares the availability of the area for FTAA application. The Regional Office will then submit its recommendation to the MGB Central Office within thirty days from receipt by the Regional Office of a copy of the FTAA application from the applicant. However, when there are two or more applicants in the same area, priority shall be given to the applicant that first filed its application.
In the present case, the records show that Newmont filed its FTAA applications with the MGB Central Office in Quezon City on 20 December 1994. After Newmont paid the filing and processing fees, the MGB Central Office registered Newmonts FTAA applications on the same date. On the other hand, Diamond Drilling filed its MPSA application with the MGB-CAR Regional Office in Baguio City on 20 December 1994. However, since the pertinent documents needed by the MGB-CAR Regional Office were lacking, it took two more days for Diamond Drilling to complete the requirements. Diamond Drilling paid its filing and processing fees only on 22 December 1994 or two days after Newmonts FTAA applications were registered with the MGB Central Office. Thus, Diamond Drillings MPSA application was registered by the MGB-CAR Regional Office only on 22 December 1994.
Since Newmonts FTAA applications preceded that of Diamond Drillings MPSA application, priority should be given to Newmont. Section 8 of DAO 63 is clear. It states that in the event there are two or more applicants over the same area, priority shall be given to the applicant that first filed its application.
On the requirement that the applicant should furnish the proper MGB Regional Office a copy of the FTAA application within 72 hours from filing, the CA, in its Decision dated 16 January 2008, stated:
x x x We rule that the requirement of DAO No. 63 that the MGB Regional Office concerned be furnished a copy of the FTAA application is merely directory in character. The word shall, which seems to give the provision a mandatory character, precedes the filing of an FTAA application and not the furnishing of a copy of the same to the Regional office; hence to interpret the word shall as giving the latter a mandatory character is far-fetched. A fortiori, the purpose of said requirement is to notify the Regional Office concerned that an application for FTAA was filed with the Central Office Technical Secretariat (COTS) of the MGB so that the Regional Office may verify the area covered by the application and submit its recommendation concerning its availability. It must be stressed that the Regional Office concerned only has the authority to recommend; hence, its findings are not conclusive with COTS-MGB. It only performs an allied function to aid the COTS-MGB in arriving at the decision to grant or deny the application for FTAA. The power to grant or deny FTAA applications remain in the hands of the COTS-MGB. Accordingly, the 72-hour requirement must be construed as directory and not mandatory in nature.
In any case, Newmont satisfied the 72-hour requirement. The MGB Regional Office of CAR found as confirmed by the Board that on 21 December 1994, its Regional Technical Director Office received a facsimile copy of the letter of Newmont with the latters FTAA application attached thereto. Based on this finding, the Board ruled that Newmont satisfied the 72-hour requirement. The Board explains:
A fax machine copy of an application showing therein the essential information, specially the dates of filing and registration, and technical description is a valid document. Thus, NPI has shown to have complied with the required copy of furnishing MGDS/DENR-CAR within 72 hours.
Indeed, the facsimile copy of Newmonts covering letter and FTAA application satisfy the requirement of DAO No. 63, for said order did not specify the mode of service and the kind of copy that must be furnished to the MGB Regional Office. The order simply stated that the MGB Regional Office be furnished a copy of an an applicants FTAA proposal. The order did not require personal service or service via mail; neither did the order require that an original or a certified true copy be furnished the Regional Office. Consistent with our ruling above, this is so, because the Regional Office only performs an allied function, the result of which is only recommendatory and conclusive with the COTS-MGB. In view of this, Newmonts manner of furnishing the MGB-CAR Regional Office of a copy of its FTAA application through facsimile cannot be validly questioned as improper. And, in as much as MGB-CAR Regional Office received the copy of Newmonts FTAA application on 21 December 1994, or approximately 24 hours from the day the same was filed in COTS-MGB, Section 8 of DAO No. 63 was satisfied. x x x32
WHEREFORE, the petition is DISMISSED. The assailed Decision and Resolution of the Mines Adjudication Board giving preferential right to Newmont Philippines, Inc. over the area covered by its application for Financial or Technical Assistance Agreement, and excluding the Mineral Production Sharing Agreement of Diamond Drilling Corporation of the Philippines over the same area, is AFFIRMED.33
Thus, Newmont in fact furnished the MGB-CAR Regional Office with copies of its FTAA applications, through fax transmission, within 72 hours from filing of the FTAA applications. Considering the distance between Quezon City and Baguio City where the MGB-CAR Regional Office is located, and the requirement to furnish the proper Regional Office (some of which are located in Visayas and Mindanao) a copy of the FTAA application within a short period of 72 hours, a fax machine copy is a reasonable and sufficient mode of serving a copy of the FTAA application to the proper Regional Office. We note that Section 8 of DAO 63 does not specify how a copy of the FTAA application should be furnished to the proper Regional Office.
Newmont clearly satisfied the requirements for the acceptance and evaluation of its FTAA applications with the MGB. Being the first to file its FTAA applications ahead of Diamond Drillings MPSA application, and having furnished copies of its FTAA applications to the MGB-CAR Regional Office within 72 hours from filing, Newmont must be given preferential right to utilize the area included in its FTAA applications.
WHEREFORE, we DENY the petition. We AFFIRM the Decision dated 16 January 2008 and Resolution dated 8 July 2008 of the Court of Appeals in CA-G.R. SP No. 96093.
ANTONIO T. CARPIO
ANTONIO EDUARDO B. NACHURA
DIOSDADO M. PERALTA ROBERTO A. ABAD
Associate Justice Associate Justice
JOSE C. MENDOZA
I attest that the conclusions in the above Decision had been reached in consultation before the case was assigned to the writer of the opinion of the Courts Division.
ANTONIO T. CARPIO
Pursuant to Section 13, Article VIII of the Constitution, and the Division Chairpersons Attestation, I certify that the conclusions in the above Decision had been reached in consultation before the case was assigned to the writer of the opinion of the Courts Division.
RENATO C. CORONA
1 Under Rule 45 of the 1997 Revised Rules of Civil Procedure.
2Rollo, pp. 10-17. Penned by Justice Marlene Gonzales-Sison with Justices Juan Q. Enriquez, Jr. and Vicente S.E. Veloso, concurring.
3Id. at 19-22.
4 Id. at 514-524.
5Authorizing the Secretary of Environment and Natural Resources to Negotiate and Conclude Joint Venture, Co-Production, or Production-Sharing Agreements for the Exploration, Development and Utilization of Mineral Resources, and Prescribing the Guidelines for Such Agreements and Those Agreements Involving Technical or Financial Assistance by Foreign-Owned Corporations for Large-Scale Exploration, Development and Utilization of Minerals; issued on 25 July 1987.
6Guidelines for the Acceptance, Consideration and Evaluation of Financial or Technical Assistance Agreement Proposals; signed on 12 December 1991.
7 Section 1.a of DENR Department Administrative Order No. 63, series of 1991:
Section 1. Definition of Terms. As used in and for the purposes of this Order, the following words and terms, whether in singular or plural, shall have the following respective meanings:
1.a Contract Area means the area originally awarded under FTAA without reference to region or province. x x x (Emphasis supplied)
8Section 6.a of DENR Department Administrative Order No. 63, series of 1991:
Section 6. Maximum Contract and Project Areas Allowed.
x x x
The maximum contract area shall be:
6.a 1,235 meridional blocks or 100,000 hectares onshore.
6.b 16,000 meridional blocks or 1,296,000 hectares offshore reckoned from the 100 meters from the shore waterlines at mean low tide extending seaward.
6.c Combination of a & b provided that it shall not exceed the maximum limits for onshore and offshore areas. (Emphasis supplied)
9 As evidenced by Official Receipt No. 9299562 V dated 20 December 1994; rollo, p. 525.
10 Id. at 526.
11Guidelines on Mineral Production Sharing Agreement under Executive Order No. 279; signed on 23 June 1989.
12 Section 3.5, Article 3 of DENR Administrative Order No. 57, series of 1989:
Section 3.5. Award of Production Sharing Agreement
x x x
Regardless of whether the Agreement shall be awarded by bidding or negotiation, the following minimum requirements shall be submitted by prospective bidders and proponents:
x x x
b. For Corporations, Partnerships, Associations
i. Certified photocopy of Certificate of Registration issued by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) or the concerned authorized government agency;
ii. Certified photocopy of the Articles of Incorporation, Partnership/Association and By-Laws;
iii. Personal data sheets of the current directors and officers, including their nationalities, bio-data, and relevant experiences or annual report;
iv. Audited Financial Statements for the three (3) immediately preceding years, if applicable;
v. Proof of sufficiency of capital and credit lines;
vi. Authorizations to the Secretary or his representative to verify submitted information.
13 As evidenced by Official Receipt No. 8263500 A dated 22 December 1994.
14 Designated as MPSA No. 048; rollo, pp. 91-92.
15Id. at 548; copy of a map showing the conflict area between Newmonts FTAA applications and Diamond Drillings MPSA application.
16An Act Instituting a New System of Mineral Resources Exploration, Development, Utilization, and Conservation.
17 Rollo, p. 545.
18 CA rollo, pp. 348-349.
19 Docketed as MAC No. MGB-010.
20 Section 34 of Republic Act No. 7942:
Section 34. Maximum Contract Area. The maximum contract area that may be granted per qualified person, subject to relinquishment shall be:
a. 1,000 meridional blocks onshore (approximately 81,000 hectares);
b. 4,000 meridional blocks offshore; or
c. Combinations of a and b provided that it shall not exceed the maximum limits for onshore and offshore areas. (Emphasis and underscoring supplied)
21 Rollo, pp. 536-542.
22Section 272. Non-Impairment of Existing Mining/Quarrying Rights. All valid and existing mining lease contracts, permits/licenses, leases pending renewal, Mineral Production Sharing Agreements, FTAA granted under Executive Order No. 279, at the date of the Act shall remain valid, shall not be impaired and shall be recognized by the Government x x x All pending applications for MPSA/FTAA covering forest land and Government Reservations shall not be required to re-apply for Exploration Permit: Provided, That where the grant of such FTAA applications/proposals would exceed the maximum contract area restrictions contained in Section 34 of the Act, the applicant/proponent shall be given an extension of one (1) year, reckoned from September 13, 1996, to divest or relinquish pursuant to Department Administrative Order No. 96-25 in favor of the Government, areas in excess of the maximum area allowance provided under the Act. x x x Provided, finally, That this provision is applicable only to all FTAA/MPSA applications filed under Department Administrative Order No. 63 prior to the effectivity of the Act and these implementing rules and regulations. (Emphasis supplied)
23 Rollo, pp. 71-80.
24 Id. at 80.
25 Docketed as MAB Case No. 022-97.
26 Rollo, pp. 81-86.
27 Id. at 86.
28 Id. at 87-90.
29 Docketed as CA-G.R. SP No. 96093.
30 Supra note 2.
31 Supra note 3.
32 Rollo, pp. 13-16.
33 Id. at 16.