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Magistrada del Tribunal Constitucional de España visits SC

November 29, 2013

Chief Justice Maria Lourdes P. A. Sereno, Philippine Judicial Academy (PHILJA) Chancellor Justice (ret.) Adolfo S. Azcuna, and Judicial and Bar Council (JBC) Chairperson of the Legal Education Board (LEB), Court of Appeals Justice (ret.) Hilarion L. Aquino welcomed yesterday Hon. Encarnacion Roca Trias, Magistrada del Tribunal Constitucional de España, as she paid the Chief Justice a courtesy call. Sra. Roca was accompanied by H.E. Jorge Domecq, Ambassador of Spain to the Philippines, and Señor Ignacio Perez Cambra, Deputy Head of Mission, Embassy of Spain. Dean Ernesto Maceda, Jr. of the Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila (PLM) and President of the Philippine Association of Law Schools (PALS) accompanied the delegation.

Excma. Sra. Dña. Encarnacion Roca Trias was invited as inaugural lecturer of the LEB, PALS, PHILJA, and Ateneo Law School’s Eminent Person Lecture Series.

Hon. Trias lectured on the topic Doctrinal and Jurisprudential Developments in Spanish Family Law and Succession. She gave an insight on the various subjects, the development of which she has been influential and instrumental in. She has written and published on Constitutional Civil Law, Personal and Family Law, Federalism, Self Government and Autonomy, Codification of Laws, Artificial Insemination, The Mysteries of the Embryo, Divorce and Alimony, Same Sex Marriages, Torts, Bioethics and Law.

Hon. Trias was also conferred the Degree of Doctor of Laws Honoris Causa by San Beda College of Law. She said she was given the award for simply having what she liked to do: “study, apply and attempt to teach Civil Law.”

Hon. Trias was a member of the Supreme Court of Spain, representing the sector of lawyers of recognized competence from 2005 to 2012. The 4th woman in the history of Spain to be appointed Judge of the Spanish Supreme Court, she follows Milagros Calvo, Celsa Pico and Margarita Robles. She is now a member of the Constitutional Court, having been appointed by Royal decree in 2012. Of 12 incumbent magistrates, she is one of only two women serving the court. As a Supreme Court magistrate, she was the ponente of more than 450 decisions during her term.

Hon. Trias is the first woman magistrate in the history of Spain to earn the distinction of being Full Professor or Cathedratica. She accomplished this in 1979, barely 13 years out of law school. She is also the first member of Spain Royal Academy of Jurisprudence and Legislation, and organization that dates back to 1730.

In the Supreme Court, she was the first woman member and president of the Sala Primera or First Division that deals with issues of civil law. To date, she is the only woman who has served in that capacity.

Hon. Trias holds a doctorate in law from the University of Barcelona. She has had a long and distinguished career as a Civilist and has been recognized for her scholarly and in depth expositions of contemporary Civil Law issues, her contribution to reform and establishment of doctrine.

Hon. Trias has participated in numerous international forums and conferences as lecturer and authority. This is her first in Asia.